December 9, 2015

Statement by H.E. Triyono Wibowo Ambassador/Permanent Representative of Indonesia on MIKTA Side Event “International Disaster Law Response” At the 32nd International Conference on Red Cross and Red Crescent


Excellencies, Ladies, and Gentlemen,

Let me first of all thank all delegations from all MIKTA countries, in particular the Delegation of Turkey, for taking the initiative to organise this important side event on the margin of the 32nd International Conference of ICRC. We also thank the IFRC for all necessary support given to all MIKTA countries in preparing this side event.

We strongly believe that this event will serve as an important venue to exchange best practices and experience in legal preparedness to manage potential future disaster response.

It has been more than a decade since tsunami hit our country. Ever since, we realise that it is of vital importance for the country to build a nation resilient to natural disasters. To achieve this, establishing a strong foundation for disaster risk reduction is of particular necessary.

Therefore, I would like to highlight Indonesia’s journey to develop and lay a strong foundation — policy, legal, and institutional framework, for disaster risk reduction in the last 10 years.

 

Excellencies, Ladies, and Gentlemen,

As many of you aware, Indonesia is a country prone to natural disasters, small and mega-scales. In the 18th Century, two mega-scale disasters have struck our country, most notably the eruption of mount Tambora in 1815 and mount Krakatau in 1883.

In the 21st Century, the biggest disaster and most deadliest in the history of disaster in the nation occurred in 2004 when tsunami hit Indonesia’s western-most province. The tsunami that killed thousands of lives and brought about damages to the environment spread to eleven Indian Ocean countries.

Due to its destructive impacts, the tsunami has taught us valuable lessons. As a result, we have placed high importance on reducing risk and manage disasters so that the development we gain will not be lost because of disasters. Since then, the awareness to reduce disaster risk and build resilience to disaster has greatly increased.

The Hyogo Framework for Action adopted in 2005 to which Indonesia strongly supported has provided a useful guidance for Indonesian Government to develop a strong policy, legal and institutional framework for disaster risk management.

 

Excellencies, Ladies, and Gentlemen,

Strengthening policy framework for DRR is one of the building blocks of the Government’s policy to achieve and build a nation resilient to disaster in the long run, a policy that will integrate, coordinate, and incorporate comprehensive disaster risk reduction measures.

To further mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into the national development planning, in 2010, the Government set out five years term disaster risk reduction and management. The National Disaster Management Plan 2010-2014 contained strategies which included enhancing disaster management regulatory framework, integrating risk reduction programs into development programs, strengthening capacity building for all actors, community based disaster management, and establishing Indonesian National Rapid Response and Action Team.

The new Government under President Joko Widodo continues to prioritize the incorporation of disaster risk reduction and management  in the next national development plan for 2015-2019. This National Disaster Management Plan will incorporate all elements set out in Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. The Plan places great importance on 7 priority areas. They include among others continue strengthening regulatory framework for DRR; mainstreaming DRR into development program; promoting multi-stakeholders partnership on DRR; and enhancing capacity on recovery.

 

Excellencies, Ladies, and Gentlemen,

The issue of legal as well as institutional framework are very important to be addressed in the bigger framework of the disaster risk management. In the bigger framework, it will also be directly connected to the development of the International Disaster Respond Law (IDRL).

Strengthening legal framework for disaster risk reduction constitutes another important building block that will pave the way for our effort to develop and build a nation resilient to disaster. In 2007, the Government has enacted Law No. 24/2007 on Disaster Management. The Law provides impetus for the Government to further enhance and deepen its effort to manage disaster and mainstream it at all levels and include disaster risk sensitive to development projects.

More importantly, through the new Law, the first ever comprehensive legal instrument on disaster management in the country, we have shifted our approach from disaster responsiveness to disaster preparedness.

In the last ten years, the Government has even enacted a number of regulations pertaining to disaster risk reduction, including disaster risk financing, the role of international and international non-governmental organisation in responding to disaster. This means that strengthening legal framework is as important as developing policy framework for DRR.

With regard to the institutional framework, the Government established National Disaster Management Agency in 2008 to ensure that disaster risk reduction is carried out in a coordinated manner. The Agency, which is placed at the ministerial level, plays a crucial role in coordinating and directly reporting all activities related to disaster risk reduction to President.

In ensuring the successful mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction at the local level, including in the local development planning, the Agency has established disaster management agency at the all provincial level, cities and further down to district level. At the moment, almost 100 local disaster management agency have been established, with more are coming into existence.

To make coordination more effectively, the Government has supported the setting up of National DRR Platform as a multi-stakeholder forum to discuss and mainstream DRR.

From our experience, it is clear that the Government should be able to regularly review its existing laws and institutions in order to continue strengthen its capability in addressing disasters, in particular mega disaster such as 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami.

From that disaster, we learnt that there should also be a specific clause under the national law that will be able to open the possibility for the international community to channel their assistance as wide as possible, but at the same time still maintaining the capability of the Government, in particular the central or federal government, to have the full control over the deployment of those assistance.

 

Excellencies, Ladies, and Gentlemen,

In order to achieve a nation resilient to disaster at all levels, the Government continues to further consolidate its DRR efforts by engaging all stakeholders –government and non-government partners.

Moreover, the Government has increased its efforts to ensure that all provinces are able to assess and monitor disaster risk risks and enhance early warning, as well as make a multi-hazard assessment. Similarly, all relevant ministries and agencies have also conducted risk mapping and analysis in with their specific responsibilities.

In the future, the Government will continue its policy in building resilience at all level, mainstreaming DRR into government and local development policy and deeply engaging all stake-holders. All future DRR direction in Indonesia is also guided by SDGs and SFDRR.

Last but not least, we believe that international cooperation plays a crucial role to help strengthen local capacity and build community resilient to disasters. In this context, we would like to underline the importance of a broader and a more people-centred preventive approach to disaster risk reduction as set out in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030.

I thank you.

Geneva, 9 December 2015

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