June 17, 2015
INTERVENTION BY THE DELEGATION OF INDONESIA ON AGENDA ITEM 3 – ID WITH THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF THE RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF OPINION AND EXPRESSION AND THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHTS TO FREEDOM OF PEACEFUL ASSEMBLY AND OF ASSOCIATION
My delegation thanks the Special Rapporteurs for their reports.
With regard to the issue of encryption and anonymity, we share the SR view that both can protect the confidentiality and integrity of content of communication against third party access or manipulation.
We also believe that both also can contribute to the enjoyment of right to freedom of opinion and expression.
We can agree that the protection and promotion of human rights should be extended to online as in the offline.
Nevertheless, we also believe that the nature of online is different with that of offline.
One of the differences is its facelessness.
Unlike the offline, in online world, interaction is faceless; if the camera is not turned on by the user, we can only see the screen without really know who our interlocutor really is. In this case, if anonymity and encryption is applied throughout the system at all times, the internet is very vulnerable and prone to cybercrime and other irresponsible behavior.
In reality, we have witnessed this trend: pop up screen, spam emails, stealing personal identity including credit card number, and cyber bullying.
Therefore, in our view protection of anonymity and encryption should conducted after carefully considering the nature and the extent of what internet can provide.
In this regard, we would to pose a question to SR Kaye:
‘In SR’s view, how to reconcile and balance the need to protect expression in the internet with the various irresponsible behavior that misusing/abusing anonymity as well as encryption?’
I thank you.
GENEVA, 17 JUNE 2015
* Delivered by Ms. Grata Endah Werdaningtyas