June 15, 2015
STATEMENT BY THE DELEGATION OF INDONESIA *) – AGENDA ITEM 2, INTERACTIVE DIALOGUE WITH THE UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS AT THE 29TH SESSION OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
First of all, I would like to thank the High Commissioner, Mr. Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, for his update.
We are witnessing conflicts in many parts of the world, including those between communities of different faiths.
In my country, Indonesia, a strong reaction in the community occurs when there is an insensitive action or expression toward the feeling of Muslims. Sometimes, the reaction grows stronger when there seems sympathy or even support toward the perpetrator.
Fortunately, we have a strong foundation in the society that guides us with regard to inter-communal relations; our state philosophy, Pancasila or five principles.
Pancasila is the epitome of the lives in our society. Although occupying the largest part of population in Indonesia, Indonesian Muslims are moderate.
I can testify this because in 1999 -2010, I was entrusted to lead Nahdlatul Ulama, the biggest Muslim Organisation with fifty millions active members.
Nevertheless, I must also stress that harmony and tolerance among religious community in Indonesia is something that needs to continue to be nurtured, that we have to work hard to manage; it is not something taken for granted.
Our efforts are not always smooth. There are ups and downs.
But, I can say, we are still on the track. We will progress in our moderate path.
Today, we are confronted with a new form of violence deriving from what is called ‘Islamic State.’ We strongly reject it for using the name of Islam and Muslim to commit violence and other atrocities acts.
We also witness efforts confronting them by using military means, but in my view the military response actually is not the best approach to defeat them.
It is my view that there is a gap in approach. Ideology cannot be combated with military. Instead of being defeated, it will become more militant and aggressive.
What we need is to comprehensive approach based on mutual respect and understanding. Moreover, I should emphasize the need to address the grievance of all parties, to forge dialogue, and to adopt inclusive development.
We need to change our attitude of zero-sum into positive-sum game.
We should not leave anyone behind.
We should respect others’ views and feelings.
In Indonesia, we strive hard to promote intra and inter-faith dialogue, to promote inclusive development, and to counter extremist views.
To conclude, it is our sincere hope that this Council will continue to promote dialogue, moderation and constructive cooperation. It is by this means, human rights can be fully promoted, protected and fulfilled.
I thank you.
Geneva, 15 June 2015
*) Delivered by H.E. KH. Dr. Hasyim Muzadi, Member of the Advisory Council to the President, Republic of Indonesia.